What are the 7 elements of interior design?

Interior design is a creative field where designers turn living spaces into functional and aesthetic homes. This, of course, requires creativity, but there is also a little bit of science behind the magic of interior design. There are 7 elements of interior design that designers use in the planning and application of their projects. Read about them below:



Space is the base on which the interior design is planned. Interior designers work in three-dimensional space which refers to the living space of the room. This can be split into positive and negative space. Positive space is space with object and negative space is empty. Interior design aims to find a balance.



There are different types of lines that are used to give a room shape. Horizontal, vertical and dynamic lines are used to guide the eyes and give a room certain characteristics such as stability, strength and energy. Interior designers will incorporate different lines to create a balanced space.



This key element of interior design refers to the shape of a room, with the inclusion of any three-dimensional objects. Forms within a room are created by combining two or more shapes and are emphasised by other key elements such as colour and texture.



Light is a major interior design element. It gives other elements, such as colour and pattern, significance. There are different types of lighting that fall into the categories of natural or man-made lighting. Lighting is used to enhance a room’s look and feel. Accent lighting can be used to highlight a feature and mood lighting creates ambience.



Colour is used in interior design to connect objects with one another and different colours can evoke various responses from the room’s occupants depending on their connotations. Colour can also be used to make a room seem smaller or larger.



This interior design element is used to create depth within a room. It deals with the surface of objects and how they look and feel. There are two broad categories of texture; visual and actual texture. Visual texture describes what can be seen only, while actual texture refers to texture that can be felt as well as seen.



A decorative element of interior design is patterns. Patterns are repeated designs that add interest to a room. Patterns are not always obvious and can be incorporated into the rooms through a use of lines. It is recommended that interior designers do not incorporate more than three patterns in a space.

For more information about COVID-19 please visit: COVID-19 Corona Virus South African Resource Portal

For more information about POPI please visit our Privacy Policy page