5 Elements of interior design

Modern interior design can be broken down into 5 elements. These elements should be used in every room in every home to create functional and aesthetically pleasing spaces that can be used to relax, entertain, create and more.



The decision of the interior designer is to think about how the space will be used and work around this to create an environment that suits the activities meant for it. They must know how to use the space, irrelevant of its size,  effectively.



Colour plays a big role in the household; the designer is required to create colour schemes that work well in the space. They must understand the psychological component of colour. This can be used in certain rooms to evoke emotions from the occupants, such as green tones in the bedroom to instil calmness.



Light is used in many ways to enhance a space. A few different types of lighting exist; general lighting, accent lighting, task lighting and more. Accent lighting can be used to accentuate a feature in the room, while task lighting is meant for a specific purpose, such as a desk lamp. Natural lighting is a popular source of light nowadays, giving homes a feeling of being open and exposed to nature.



Lines, shape and form work together to guide eyes around the room. Lines can also be used to create patterns in the rooms by using them repetitively. Although, too many lines can be overbearing. Shape and form are created by the shape of furniture and other elements in the room.



There are two types of texture; visible and actual. Visible texture is texture that you can see but cannot feel. Actual texture is texture that you can see and feel. Actual texture can be used by creating a feature wall with rough paint or clay bricks. Blankets and fluffy pillows can also be used to create texture.

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